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Khabri Tukda

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The History Of Cricket

Experts agree that cricket may have been invented during Saxon or Norman times by children living in Weald, a region of dense woods and glades in southeastern England. The first mention of it being played as a sport dates back to 1611, the same year a dictionary defined cricket as a boys' sport. There is also the idea that cricket was derived from the bowl by interventions that tried to prevent the batsman from hitting the ball and reaching the goal.

Village cricket had developed by the mid-17th century, and the first English "county teams" were formed later in the century, as "local experts" in village cricket were hired as the first experts. rice field. The first known game in which teams used county names was played in 1709.  

How Do We Define Cricket? 

Cricket is played with a bat and ball and is played between two teams (teams) of 11 players. The field is oval with a central rectangular area known as the playing field measuring 22 yards (20.12 metres) by 10 feet (3.04 metres) wide. Two sets of his three sticks, called wickets, are placed on the ground at either end of the pitch. Above each wicket is a horizontal piece called a bail. The flanks alternate between hitting and bowling (pitching). Each round is called an "inning" (always plural). 

Each team will play one or two innings depending on the agreed length of play and aim to score the most points. A bowler who delivers the ball with a straight arm tries to break (hit) the wicket with the ball so that the stirrups fall. This is one of the few ways a hitter can be sacked or wiped out. A bowler on his one wicket throws six balls (which completes an "over") and another player on that side on the opposite wicket he throws six balls. Liszt defends her wicket. There are always two batsmen active at the same time, and the batsman being pitched (the striker) is trying to hit the ball off the wicket. Hits can be defensive or offensive.


A defensive stroke can protect a wicket, but cannot give the batsman time to run to the opposite wicket.In this case, the batsman does not have to run and continues to play with another ball. If the batter is able to make an offensive stroke, he and the second batter (non-batter) on the other wicket exchange places. A run is scored whenever both batsmen are able to reach the opposite wicket. Given enough time without being caught and dismissed, batsmen can move back and forth between wickets, receiving an extra run each time they both reach the opposite side. I have. If the ball touches the ground and then reaches the boundary he gets 4 points, if it reaches the boundary from the air (fly ball) he gets 6 points. 

Origin/History Of Cricket

In the first half of the 18th century, cricket established itself as a major sport in London and south-east England. Its spread was limited by travel restrictions, but it slowly gained popularity in other parts of England, with women's cricket dating back to 1745 when the first game was played in Surrey.

The first rules of cricket were written in 1744 and in 1774 he changed them when innovations such as the lbw, the third stump i.e. middle stump and maximum butt width were added. The code was created by the Star and Garter Club, whose members eventually founded the famous Marylebone Cricket Club at Lords in 1787. The MCC soon became the custodian of the law and has amended it ever since. Rolling the ball across the ground was replaced after 1760, when bowlers began throwing the ball, and in response to this innovation, the straight stick replaced the older "hockey stick" style stick. Hampshire's Hambledon Club was the centre of play for some thirty years until the formation of the MCC and the opening of Lord's Cricket Ground in 1787.

Cricket came to North America through the British colonies in the 17th century and spread to the rest of the world in the 18th century. It was introduced to the West Indies by settlers and to India by sailors of the British East India Company. It spread to Australia almost as fast as colonisation began in 1788, then to New Zealand and South Africa in the early 1800s.  

The aforementioned Hambledon club, which played for Hampshire's Broadhalfpenny Downs, were the dominant cricket team in the late 18th century before the rise of the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in London. Born out of a cricket club that played at White Conduit Fields, the club moved in 1787 to St. He's Lords Cricket Ground in the Borough of Marylebone, becoming the MCC and issuing its first revised code the following year. Lord's, named after its founder Thomas Lord, has three places in its history. Lords moved to its present location in St John's Wood in 1814 and became the headquarters of World Cricket.

In 1836, the first match between North County and South County was played, providing clear evidence of the spread of cricket. In 1846, the All England XI, founded by William Clarke of Nottingham, began a national tour, and from 1852 some of the major experts split (later compiled the first of the famous Wisden Almanack on cricket). including John Wisden, whose two teams forming the United All-England XI monopolised the best cricket talent until the rise of county cricket. They provided players for the first British overseas touring team in 1859. 

Development Of Cricket And Its Rules

In the 20th century batsmen learned to defend themselves with pads and batting gloves, and stick grips made the bat more resilient. so only the best hitters could handle fast bowling. However, once the terrain improved, batsmen adapted to the new style of bowling and continued to attack. Other new styles of bowling were also discovered, and batsmen adapted their techniques further. 

With so many runs scored in the early 20th century, debate continued over reforming the law introduced in the 1774 Act, which forbids a batsman from using his body to prevent the ball from hitting a wicket. rice field. But in reality, the high scores were due to the performances of some excellent hitters such as W.G. Grace, Sir John Berry Hobbes, K.S. Ranjitsinhji (later Maharajah of Nawanagar). This was the golden age of cricket.

Many attempts were made in the 20th century to help bowlers and increase the pace of the game. However, games in the mid-20th century were played at a slower pace with defensive play by both teams rather than overwhelming offence. One-day or limited-time cricket was introduced in an attempt to shore up the dwindling fanbase. One-day cricket made its debut internationally when a restricted overmatch was played on the final scheduled matchday to provide fans with play after raining Test matches in the first few days. The response was enthusiastic and One-Day Cricket was born. In this version of cricket, a limited number of overs (usually 50 per side) makes the game faster but significantly altered. In one-day cricket, there are some restrictions on placement of outfielders. This gave rise to new styles of batting such as the paddle shot (where the ball is hit behind the wicket as there is usually no fielder) and the lofted shot (where the batsman attempts to fly the ball over the fielder and overhead)  (T20), a 20 oversized a day cricket style, was introduced in 2003 and quickly became an international sensation. His first Twenty20 World Cup came in 2007 and one-day cricket, especially his Twenty20, became more popular around the world than Test matches, although Test cricket had a lot of support in England. rice field. The pace of the test game increased dramatically in the late 20th century with the introduction of new bowling strategies. 

The International Cricket 

International cricket was dominated in the early 20th century by the original members of the Imperial Cricket Conference in England, Australia and South Africa. The ICC, later renamed the International Cricket Conference and then the International Cricket Council, increasingly took responsibility for running the game and shifted its power base from the West to the East. In 2005, when the ICC moved its offices from London's Lords (home of the MCC, first ruler of the game and still its member of parliament) to Dubai, a shift away from the old form of governance was completed. Game priorities have also changed.

By the turn of the 21st century, only Australia and England were still playing Test cricket at a full house. Elsewhere, especially in India and Pakistan, crowds flocked to see the International, which has limited capacity. Test cricket has become almost an afterthought. While the power to change the rules of the game remains with the MCC, the ICC creates its own code of conduct for players, officials and administrators, establishes disciplinary procedures and protects the spirit of the game. It has also hosted major international tournaments such as the One Day World Cup, Twenty20 World Cup and Champions Trophy. In the early 2010s, the ICC had 10 full members and dozens of associate and affiliate members. 

Cricket In India

Cricket was brought to India by the British. Initially, the game was played among British citizens. After that, it became deeply rooted in Indian soil under the patronage of the ruling class and aristocratic families. In the early 19th century, cricket became popular in the cities of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras. From 1902 to his 1903 the British team toured India. The All India Team toured England in 1911 under Maharaja Bhupinder Singh of Patiala.

The Indian Cricket Control Board was established at the end of 1928. Grant Given and A.S. De Mellow began his 1935 run of national championships in Lange's Trophy. Prince Ranjit Sinhji of Nawanagar, who went to England for further studies, became famous for his cricket. Although he only played in England, he is widely regarded as the father of Indian cricket. He will always be remembered for his National Cricket Championship-Lunge trophy which is named after him. 

India played their first Test in 1932 and waited 20 years to win the first Test against England at Madras (now Chennai). However, the game developed so rapidly in India that by the late 20th century India had become one of the leading cricket nations in the world. In the early 21st century His premier league growth saw Test cricket's popularity drop dramatically in India, but it became home to the undisputed Twenty20 cricket and financial centre for the international game. India's excellence in one-day cricket was further confirmed when India won the 2011 Cricket World Cup. 


Various forms of cricket are also enjoyed by people all over the world. Even business tycoons are investing in games to capitalise on their popularity.

The Cricket Board has taken various steps to make the game more interesting, including organising the Indian Premier League. In short, cricket is not just a sport in our country, it is an emotion. It connects people forever. We also strengthen our ties with other countries and maintain a spirit of sportsmanship.  


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