A premier, chief of cabinet or prime minister is the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government and the head of the cabinet, typically in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system. In these systems, the prime minister acts as the head of government, rather than the head of state, and works under a monarch in a democratic constitutional monarchy or a president in a republican form of government.
In parliamentary systems modeled after the Westminster system, the prime minister is the actual head of government and presides over the executive power. In these systems, the head of state or their official representative (such as a monarch, president, or governor-general) usually holds a ceremonial position, although they may have reserve powers. In contemporary times, it is common for the premier to be a part of the parliament or its lower chamber, although not invariably, and is accountable for ensuring the successful passage of bills alongside other cabinet members. In certain monarchies, the monarch holds the authority to exercise executive powers, also referred to as the royal prerogative, without the consent of parliament.
The Role Of Prime Minister
The head of the government of India is the prime minister, who oversees its functioning and exercises its authority. The prime minister selects the members of their council of ministers and nominates them to the president. They also form a core group of ministers, known as the cabinet, who are responsible for the important functions and ministries of the government of India.
The prime minister assists and advises the president in allocating work to various ministries and offices in accordance with the Government of India (Allocation of Business).
Duties And Responsibilities Of Prime Minister
The Prime minister oversees the operations of the Administration and monitors the execution of the Government Plan. The Premier harmonizes the Government's formulation and evaluation of topics to be resolved by the European Union.
In the event that the Prime minister is unable to perform their responsibilities, they will be taken over by the minister appointed to act as the Premier, or if that minister is not accessible, by the minister who has served in the Government for the longest time.
Forms The Government- The Constitution explicitly states that the Prime Minister's advice shall be taken into account by the President while appointing ministers. In accordance with the parliamentary democracy's conventions, the President used to accept the Prime Minister's advice before the 42nd Amendment Act 1976 was passed.
Chairman Of The Cabinet- As the Head of the Cabinet, the P.M. chairs the gatherings of the Cabinet and decides on the agenda of these meetings. He manages the schedule of the Cabinet meetings and has the discretion to approve or disapprove proposals for Cabinet deliberations.
Leader of the Lok Sabha- The leader of the Lok Sabha in India is the Prime Minister, which differs from England's system where the Prime Minister assigns a colleague as the leader of the House to alleviate some of their heavy responsibilities, but the Prime Minister remains ultimately accountable.
Spokesman Of Government Policy- He is the primary representative of the Government for both domestic and foreign matters. His influence in formulating overall policy is critical. He serves as India's delegate in numerous International and Commonwealth assemblies. Jawaharlal traveled to foreign nations often to negotiate international accords and treaties.
How was the Prime Minister Got Elected?
The Members of Parliament choose the Prime Minister through an electoral process. The leader of the Government is selected by the party that secures the majority of seats out of the 545 available in Lok Sabha. As per Article 75 of the Constitution, the President is responsible for appointing the Prime Minister, but only after the leader of the majority party in Lok Sabha has been designated as such. However, if no party manages to secure a clear majority in Lok Sabha, the President may use their own judgment in appointing the Prime Minister.
The Prime Minister can be selected from a member of either the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha. However, if the selected person is not a member of either House of the Parliament, they must be elected to either House within six months of their appointment.
In accordance with the parliamentary system of government, the President is required to designate the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister.
However, if no party has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, the President may use their discretion in choosing and appointing the Prime Minister.
The Function And Power Of Prime Minister
Prime ministers also have many functions and powers through which he/she can lead the country in a right or sufficient way and here are some points regarding power of prime minister and In the constitution of India,
They offer suggestions to the President regarding the selection of ministers. The Prime Minister's proposal is the sole basis for the President's appointment of ministers.
They assign and reassign ministers to specific portfolios.
In case of disagreement, they can ask the minister to resign or propose to the president to remove him.
Sessions of the Council of Ministers are chaired by this person and their decisions are influenced by their decisions.
They preside over the Council of Ministers and influence their decisions.
They guide, direct, control and organize the work of all ministries. When they leave office, they can end the Council of Ministers.
The prime minister is the chairman of the council of ministers.
Just like the normal people, the Prime Minister has also had restrictions in his life whether it is regarding the use of power or responsibilities, so here are some points regarding it.
No Confidence Vote: Under a parliamentary government, members can withdraw their confidence if they do not behave satisfactorily and do not meet their appointed ambitions. In such a situation, the Prime Minister must resign. His fear of being kicked out of power limits his abilities.
On The Party Line: The prime minister's political party has an ideology and a political platform that it wants to impose. As a result, the prime minister cannot act outside the stated policies of his party.
Public Opinion: A prime minister can be influenced by public opinion. This could happen if he dictates the implementation of policies that the public believes to undermine their interests. Additionally, the prime minister's advice may not want to appear in the press for the wrong reasons. In that sense, they are bound by public opinion.
Resignation Of Prime Minister
The president appoints the next prime minister, who holds a majority in the House of Commons. If a Board member resigns, the President fills the vacancies on the advice of the Prime Minister.
Conclusion And List Of Prime Ministers
The Council of Ministers dissolves automatically upon the demise or resignation of the Premier. In the absence of an Indian Premier, there can be no Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister, who has a majority in the House of Commons, is designated by the President. When a Director steps down, the President fills any openings based on the guidance of the Premier.
List Of Prime Minister-
About Narendra Modi - The Prime Minister
On 30th May 2019, Shri Narendra Modi took the oath as India's Prime Minister for his second term. Shri Modi's tenure as the Chief Minister of Gujarat from October 2001 to May 2014 is the longest in the state's history.
In both the 2014 and 2019 Parliamentary elections, Shri Modi led the Bharatiya Janata Party to unprecedented victories with absolute majorities. The last time a political party secured such a clear majority was in 1984.
Shri Modi has brought about a significant change in governance with his motto of 'Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas', which promotes inclusive, development-oriented and corruption-free governance. The Prime Minister has worked with great speed and scale to ensure the last-mile delivery of schemes and services, as part of his vision of Antyodaya. International agencies have recognized India's progress in poverty eradication under the leadership of PM Narendra Modi. This is due to a range of pro-poor measures taken by the Central Government.
India now boasts the world's largest healthcare program, Ayushman Bharat, which provides high-quality and affordable healthcare to over 50 crore Indians, including the poor and neo-middle class.